Author: Zong Min Huang Ding, postdoctoral and lecturer, School of Finance, Renmin University of China
Abstract:Scholars have been interpreting Martin Luther’s “Justification by faith” on the basis of “Justitia Christi,” “Justitia Aliena” and “Imputatio.” This paper focuses on the premise of Luther’s view on “justification by faith”, namely “faith” (fide), and will relate the discussion to Luther’s personal and historical experiences in his specific context. Based on Luther’s writings, this paper argues that for Luther, the term “Justification” contains the internal and external parts that interdependent to each other, and the core of Luther’s “Justification” is Luther’s experience of encountering Christ and being united with Christ and others. The externalization of this internal experience is displayed in this world with a form via language, logic and cultural tradition. “Faith” at this sense provides a window to understand Luther’s view on “Justification” as well as a practice of the contextualization of Christianity in Germany.
Martin Luther, Justification, justice, Faith, cumulative tradition
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